Massage and its many benefits

If you're looking for a way to reward yourself or a loved one for staying on track with exercise last month, consider the wonderful gift of massage! A soothing massage can help you unwind, but that's not all. 

What is massage?

Massage is a general term for pressing, rubbing and manipulating your skin, muscles, tendons and ligaments.

There are many different types of massage, including these common types:

•   Swedish massage. This is a gentle form of massage that uses long strokes, kneading, deep circular movements, vibration and tapping to help relax and energize you.

•   Deep massage. This massage technique uses slower, more-forceful strokes to target the deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue, commonly to help with muscle damage from injuries.

•   Sports massage. This is similar to Swedish massage, but it's geared toward people involved in sport activities to help prevent or treat injuries.

•   Trigger point massage. This massage focuses on areas of tight muscle fibers that can form in your muscles after injuries or overuse.

Benefits of massage:

Massage is generally considered part of complementary and alternative medicine. It's increasingly being offered along with standard treatment for a wide range of medical conditions and situations.

Studies of the benefits of massage demonstrate that it is an effective treatment for reducing stress, pain and muscle tension.

While more research is needed to confirm the benefits of massage, some studies have found massage may also be helpful for:

•   Anxiety
•   Digestive disorders
•   Fibromyalgia
•   Headaches
•   Insomnia related to stress
•   Myofascial pain syndrome
•   Paresthesias and nerve pain
•   Soft tissue strains or injuries
•   Sports injuries
•   Temporomandibular joint pain


By Mayo Clinic Staff

Susan Arruda