Himalayan salt is a term for halite (commonly known as rock salt) from Pakistan. It is mined in the Khewra Salt Mines, the second largest salt mine in the world, located in Khewra.
Table salt, or "white salt" is to real salt as table sugar is to dehydrated cane juice. Both white table salt and white sugar are devoid of the full spectrum of minerals and other nutrients that protect and enhance your health. Himalayan Pink Crystal Salt contains the full spectrum of 84 minerals and trace elements just like Mother Earth intended. It is an unrefined, unprocessed "raw" salt that's hand-mined from abundant salt caves that were formed 250 million years ago as ocean salt settled in certain geologic pockets around the earth.
Most of the western world thinks of salt as sodium chloride -- a highly refined, processed white substance that's devoid of nutrients. Salt is so devoid of nutrients, in fact, that in the early 20th century, doctors noticed that people who ate white table salt started to suffer chronic degenerative diseases such as goiter. This was caused by the lack of iodine in the salt.
In 2003 the Bavarian consumer protection agency analyzed 15 specimens of Himalaya salt sold in Germany and could detect at least ten different minerals, in addition to sodium chloride (98%). The agency stated that the salts come from Pakistan and can, like all salts, cause hypertension (high blood pressure) if over used.
Iodine deficiency is the number one most preventable cause of mental retardation. Eating processed salt that lacks iodine, in other words, can cause your offspring to be retarded.
Now what's really interesting about processed table salt is that it's missing over 80 minerals. But they only put ONE mineral back in - iodine. That's because iodine is the one mineral that causes the most obvious disease; goiter.
Iodine is a naturally occurring mineral in the ocean. It's abundant in seafood and in real sea salt, but it's completely missing from refined white table salt. So they started adding iodine to table salt, creating "iodized salt."
But why would you want to eat salt that's been artificially enriched with ONE mineral when you could be eating salt that naturally contains eighty-four minerals? Lack of knowledge is one reason and ease of availability, would likely be the other. Himalayan pink crystal salt isn't a common product in most grocery stores, is it? Consumer demand, however, could change that.
Himalayan Pink Crystal Salt contains 84 minerals and trace minerals, including iodine!
Beware of the "sea salt" scam:
You've probably noticed a lot of processed salt companies now claiming to offer "sea salt." The truth is, virtually all salt is sea salt because it all came from the sea at one time or another in the Earth's history.
The term "sea salt" is essentially meaningless. White processed salt can still be called "sea salt" even though it is devoid of full-spectrum sea minerals.
The way to tell if your salt is really full-spectrum salt is to look at the color. If it's pure white, it's not full-spectrum. White salt is just like white sugar: It's missing the key supporting minerals and nutrients your body needs.
Full-spectrum salt always has a non-white color. Celtic Sea Salt, for example (which is really good salt) has a brownish sandy color. All the truly natural full-spectrum salts are sandy or brownish in color.
Sources: Mike Adams, Editor of naturalness.com, Wikipedia